Image from 08.02.2023 with 131 single exposures, individual exposure time 10 seconds, total exposure time approx. 22 minutes. Observing conditions approx. Bortle class 7. Raw data manually stacked in Siril (FITS).
Post-processed image. Star trails in the background, resulting from the comet-centred stacking in Siril, were removed using StarNetv2, the central motif was then highlighted using Luminar Skylum Neo. Subsequently, stars were added back into the image by blending a suitable single exposure.